The field of Industrial microbiology has been undergoing rapid change in recent years. This book covers all important chapters right from the selection of industrially important microorganisms, improving the selected strain genetically followed by industrial production of primary and secondary metabolites. The terminal chapters of the book focuses on biotransformation procedures. The book also carries model question papers which will help the students to revise the chapters. This book is ideal for undergraduate and postgraduate students of microbiology, biotechnology, biochemistry, and other life sciences.