Materials science is a relatively new and very broad field. It involves applications from a number of scientific disciplines that contribute to the creation of new materials. The central theory behind materials science involves relating the microstructure of a material to its macromolecular physical and chemical properties. Recently, researchers are urged to contact associations for ceramic manufacturers, synthetic rubber makers, paints and coatings manufacturers, and plastics makers to find out more about each of these areas and the opportunities that exist for materials scientists in each of them.
As materials science field is made up of people with various educational backgrounds, most projects in materials science are team efforts, including technicians, engineers, physicists, chemists and materials scientists. This book gives the knowledge of characteristics and role of various classes of materials which are playing a unique role in society. This book is designed on the syllabus of Major based Elective paper, Bharathidhasan University, Tiruchirappalli and hence it can be useful for the young researchers for the preparation of their career tracks.